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PSM 1 Exam Questions and Answers 2021 [Updated]


Scrum as we all know is a framework that is used to address complex adaptive problems while improving the productivity of teams and organizations. It helps developing and sustaining complex products and having an initial emphasis on software development. Although it is also used in other fields which include research, sales, advanced technologies, marketing, and many more. Yet it is mostly used in software development. So today our topic of discussion is the three main knowledge areas of scrum which everyone must know. These three scrum areas can help you prepare for the PSM 1 exam.

These questions have been updated as per latest version of Scrum Guide 2020. Checkout and understand the major changes of Scrum Guide 2020 here.

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So let us take a look at what we have for you today. 

PSM 1 Exam Questions Main Areas:

Below mentioned are three scrum areas that will be our topic of discussion today. We will talk about what these three scrum areas are and mention some questions that can help you prepare for the PSM 1 exam. So let us first know these scrum areas and then look at the questions related to these.

Scrum Roles:

In simple words, there are three essential roles for scrum success. Without these three roles, no team can perform the way they should. These three specific roles are the Product Owner, Scrum Master, and the Developers as per Scrum Guide 2020. With that, you also need to know that the scrum teams are mostly cross-functional, so that is why the developers includes a variety of people. These include testers, designers, UX specialists, and ops engineers in addition to the software developers.

Now we are going to mention some of the questions that are related to the Scrum roles. These questions can help you prepare for the PSM 1 exam as well so pay extra attention to them.

Q1. What does the Product Owner do during a Sprint?

  • A. Protects the Team and the process
  • B. Clarifies requirements and answers questions
  • C. Guides the Team in its work.
  • D. Intervenes when required to make sure the pace of work is sustainable.

Correct Answer: B

Check out the Solution:

During a Sprint, the developers are focused on sprint goal and working to deliver the increment. Product Owner is available to clarify requirements or any work-related queries. The product owner has nothing to do with other items. The self-organizing and self-managing developers manages most of their work and Scrum Master facilitates the team to remove any impediments. Product Owner can only help to answer queries and clarify requirements.

Q2. Who provides estimates in Scrum?

  • A. Scrum Master and the Developers
  • B. The Developers only
  • C. The Product Owner, The Scrum Master and the Developers
  • D. It all depends.

Correct Answer: B

Checkout the Solution:

The developers provides estimates for PBI (Product Backlog Items) i.e. User stories using different estimation techniques. Planning Poker is a consensus-based technique for estimating, mostly used to estimate effort or relative size of user stories in Scrum. No one (Scrum Master or Product Owner) dictates during the estimation activity.

Q3. Which is not a Product Owner Responsibility?

  • A. Running the daily scrum meeting
  • B. Gathering requirements for Product Backlog Items.
  • C. Working with stakeholders to determine detail product features.
  • D. Inspecting work at Sprint Review

Correct Answer: A

Checkout the Solution:

Key responsibilities of Product Owner are to gather requirements and maintain product Backlog, interacting with stakeholders and inspecting the work delivered in each Sprint Review Meeting. Product Owner may participate in daily scrum but organizing and running daily scrum is not his/her responsibility. Scrum Master is the one who actually organizes and facilitates scrum events including daily scrum.

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Scrum Events/Ceremonies:

Scrum events which are also sometimes called ceremonies are considered to be such events that occur inside each sprint. There are four events the details of which are given below.

Sprint Planning:

Sprint planning is a part of a scrum event in which we have to define what is to be delivered in the sprint and how it is going to work. In other words, all the planning relevant to what we have to do and how we are going to do it is done in this event. The whole team is included in this event as whatever is decided is done by mutual consent.

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Daily Scrum:

The daily scrum or stand-up meeting is a 15-minute time-boxed event that takes place daily. This is for the developers to synchronize activities and create a plan for the next 24 hours. In this way whatever the developers have to do the whole day is first decided and discussed in this daily stand-up.

Sprint Review:

This is also a meeting which is attended by the developers, the scrum master, stakeholders, and the product owner. In this meeting, the team has to give a demo on the product and then determine what is done up till now and what is left.

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Sprint Retrospective:

As mentioned in the Scrum Guide, the sprint retrospective is an opportunity for the scrum team to evaluate themselves. They not only evaluate/inspect themselves but also create a plan for improvements where needed be. This occurs after the Sprint Review and before the next sprint planning.

Now below are some of the questions related to this knowledge area.

Q1. What is the Time-box for a Sprint Review Meeting if the sprint was 2 weeks long?

  • A. 15 minutes
  • B. However long it’s needed
  • C. 2 hours at the end of every sprint
  • D. 4 hours

Correct Answer: C

Checkout the Solution:

Sprint review is a collaboration event between scrum team and stakeholders at the end of the sprint, where Developers showcase the work they have completed (i.e. potentially shippable increment).

Scrum experts suggests that it should be two hours event for 2 weeks sprint or four hours event for 4 weeks sprint. As per Scrum Guide 2020, Sprint Review duration should be a maximum of 4 hours for one month Sprint. Followings are the suggested timeline for all scrum events:answer

Q2. When should the sprint retrospective be held?

  • A. In the middle of each sprint.
  • B. At the beginning of last sprint.
  • C. At the end of each sprint.
  • D. Only at the end of the last sprint.

Correct Answer: C

Checkout the Solution:

Retrospective is the final team meeting in sprint that brings an opportunity for scrum team to inspect what is done during the sprint and adapt what is really working.

Q3. What are the topics discussed in the Sprint Planning Meeting? Select all that apply

  • A) What can be done in the Sprint
  • B) Sprint Goal
  • C) The Return on Investment for the delivered work
  • D) How the chosen work will be done 

Correct Answer: A, C, D

Check out the Solution:

Sprint planning meeting is the first event in a sprint, and there are three primary points in the agenda, namely what is the Sprint Goal, what are the requirements that can be “done” in the Sprint to achieve the sprint goal, and how the work on the requirements can be executed to get an increment.

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Scrum Artifacts:

The Scrum artifacts describe three primary artifacts which are known to be the product backlog, the sprint backlog, and lastly the product increment. These artifacts can be considered to be information radiators because they serve to capture the shared understanding of the team at a particular point in time. The scrum artifacts are designed specifically to maximize the transparency of key information. It is so that everyone has the same understanding of the artifact and can then perform according to it.

The following are the questions mentioned relevant to this knowledge area which you must read.

Q1. Items in the Product Backlog tend to be:

  • A. Small than the items in the Sprint Backlog.
  • B. Larger than the items in the Sprint Backlog.
  • C. The same size as the items in the Sprint Backlog.
  • D. Usually much smaller than related Sprint Backlog items but it depends.

Correct Answer: B

Checkout the Solution:

As we know that Sprint Backlog is a subset of Product Backlog.

PBI (Product Backlog Items) are normally user stories written by Product Owner as input from stakeholders. Later during planning and brainstorming sessions, these stories get matured, fine-grained and in some cases decomposed into smaller ones before selection for Sprint Backlog. So, Items in Product Backlog are normally larger than the items in Sprint Backlog.

Q2. What constitutes the Sprint Backlog and are normally estimated in hours?

  • A. Stories
  • B. Use cases
  • C. Features
  • D. Tasks

Correct Answer: D

Checkout the Solution:

Sprint Backlog is basically a subset of Product Backlog including set of PBI (Product Backlog Items) picked for upcoming sprint. These are further divided into tasks and tasks are estimated in hours.

Q3. Sprint Backlog is ultimately owned by:

  • A. The Product Owner
  • B. The Scrum Master
  • C. The Stakeholders
  • D. The Developers

Correct Answer: D

Checkout the Solution:

It’s is tricky question. Product Owner is responsible for managing and prioritizing Product Backlog. But as far as Sprint Backlog is concerned, it’s owned by the Developers.

As per Scrum Guide 2020, Sprint Backlog is planned by and for the Developers.

Reference: https://scrumguides.org/scrum-guide.html#sprint-backlog

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So these were the three scrum knowledge areas that are very important to know and understand if you really want to become a certified Scrum master. We hope this article was of some help to our readers as the information about the knowledge areas and the questions and answers are relevant and helpful in preparing for the PSM 1 exam. So read this topic now and don’t forget to stay home, stay safe, and never stop learning.

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